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Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation (SDG 6)

SDG 6 seeks to ensure safe drinking water and sanitation for all, focusing on the sustainable management of water resources, wastewater and ecosystems, and acknowledging the importance of an enabling environment. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, countries have committed to engage in systematic follow-up and review of progress towards the Goals and targets, using a set of global indicators.

Global Status

  • Drinking water

    71 of the world’s population use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    44.99 of the world’s population use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    60.13 of the world’s population have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    55.50296 of the world’s household wastewater is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    71.9 of the world’s monitored water bodies has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    19.36 is the ratio of dollar value added to the volume of water used at the global level (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2018)
  • Water stress

    16.75 of the world’s renewable water resources is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2018)
  • Water management

    54 is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) at the global level (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    58.01 of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2016 to estimate the change in the extent of water-related ecosystems (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    9.3 is the global amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Community participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG 6 indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

There are 11 global indicators to track progress towards SDG 6. The global estimates are based on country data, compiled and verified by the United Nations agencies responsible, sometimes complemented by data from other sources. For some indicators, there are not enough country data available to make a global estimates.

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About the global indicators for SDG 6