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Progress on Community Participation (SDG target 6.b)

Participation of users and communities helps ensure sustainable solutions for all aspects of SDG 6 and contributes to wider reductions in inequality within and among countries, including gender inequalities.

  • + is the global average number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2021)

Available time series: 2010-2021
Number of countries (and areas) reporting in the last five years: 147
Proportion of world population covered by reporting in the last five years: 82%

Proportion of world land area covered by reporting in the last five years: 58%
Learn more about the indicator here
Read the latest progress report here

SDG target 6.b is: ‘Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.’

To track progress towards the target, indicator 6.b.1 monitors the participation of local communities in water and sanitation management within a country, by looking at the existence of procedures in law or policy for participation, as well as the actual level of participation.

Global status of indicator 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Number of water and sanitation sub-sectors with clearly defined Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities (2012-2021)
The sub-sectors are urban drinking water, rural drinking water, urban sanitation, rural sanitation, hygiene promotion, and water resources planning and management.

Number of water and sanitation sub-sectors with clearly defined Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities

Number of water and sanitation sub-sectors with a high Level of participation by users/communities (2014-2021)
The sub-sectors are urban drinking water, rural drinking water, urban sanitation, rural sanitation, hygiene promotion, and water resources planning and management.
Number of water and sanitation sub-sectors with a high Level of participation by users/communities

Progress over time of indicator 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Number of UN Member States with clearly defined Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities 
Number of UN Member States with a high Level of participation by users/communities

Status in different SDG regions of indicator 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Level of participation by users/communities in the management of rural drinking water (2014-2021)

Level of participation by users/communities in hygiene promotion (2014-2021)

Status in different countries (or areas) on 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Number of water and sanitation sub-sectors with a high Level of participation by users/communities (2014-2021)

Status on different components of indicator 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Number of UN Member States with clearly defined Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and with a high Level of participation by users/communities (2012-2021)

Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities in UN Member States (2012-2021)
Level of participation by users/communities in UN Member States (2014-2021)

Source data indicator 6.b.1 Participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

Country (or area), regional and world data for the latest year of reporting:

Country (or area), region, worldYearProcedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities (10 = Clearly defined; 5 = Not clearly definedLevel of participation by users/communities (3 = High; 2 = Moderate; 1 = Low)
Drinking water Sanitation Hygiene promotionWater resources planning and managementDrinking water Sanitation Hygiene promotionWater resources planning and management
Urban Rural Urban Rural National National Urban Rural Urban Rural National National
Afghanistan201910101010105333332
Albania2021101010101010333333
Angola2014-2019101010101010131331
Anguilla2019555555
Antigua and Barbuda201910105221
Argentina202110101010510212212
Austria2019101010101033333
Azerbaijan2021101010101010333333
Bahrain2021101010101010333333
Bangladesh2021101010101010132331
Barbados2021555555222222
Belarus2021101010101010222223
Belize2021101010101010222333
Benin2019101010101010332333
Bhutan2021101010101010132232
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)2021101010101010222221
Bosnia and Herzegovina2021101010101010333333
Botswana2021101010101010223323
Brazil2019-202110101010510212112
British Virgin Islands2019-2021551010105111111
Burkina Faso2021101010101010232333
Burundi2019101010101010221232
Cabo Verde2021101010101010222222
Cambodia2021101010101010222222
Cameroon2014-20215105101010221232
Central African Republic2021101010101010222221
Chad2019-2021101010101010222221
Chile2017-2021101010105521221
China2021101010101010111111
Colombia2019-202110101010510222222
Comoros2021101010101010333333
Congo2021555555111111
Cook Islands201410105510222
Costa Rica2017-202110101010510222232
Croatia2021101010101010222222
Cuba2021101010101010222222
Côte d'Ivoire2014-202110101010510222222
Democratic People's Republic of Korea201910101010102222
Democratic Republic of the Congo2019-202110101051010122222
Dominican Republic2017-202110101010510121221
Ecuador2021101010101010212112
Egypt2021101010101010222222
El Salvador2021101010101010222222
Equatorial Guinea201210
Eritrea2019-202151010101010232232
Estonia2021101010101010333333
Eswatini2019101010101010333333
Ethiopia2021101010101010132221
Fiji2017-20211010101055323331
Gabon2019-2021555555222221
Gambia2021101010101010121223
Georgia2021101010101010222232
Ghana2021101010101010223333
Greece2021101010101010333333
Guatemala2021101010101010333333
Guinea2021101010101010221331
Guinea-Bissau201210
Guyana2019-2021555555111111
Haiti2021555555121211
Honduras2021101010101010232332
Hungary2021101010101010222221
India2017101010101010222221
Indonesia2021101010101010333233
Iran (Islamic Republic of)2021101010101010121222
Iraq2021555555111111
Italy202110101010510
Jamaica2019-202110101010510222213
Jordan2021101010101010222222
Kazakhstan2021101010101010333333
Kenya2021101010101010222212
Kuwait2021101010103333
Kyrgyzstan2021101010101010333333
Lao People's Democratic Republic2021101010101010222232
Lebanon202110101010510222222
Lesotho2021101010101010333333
Liberia2021101010101010121221
Lithuania2019101010101010333333
Madagascar2017-202110101010510121221
Malawi2021101010101010111111
Malaysia20171010101010223
Maldives202110101010510222223
Mali2021101010101010332232
Marshall Islands2019-2021101010101010111111
Mauritania2021101010101010333333
Mauritius202110101010101022222
Mexico2019-2021101010101010333333
Micronesia (Federated States of)20175555510222222
Mongolia2021101010101010222222
Montenegro2021101010101010222222
Morocco202110101010510333313
Mozambique2021101010101010232322
Myanmar2019101010101010111111
Namibia2021101010101010222222
Nepal20211010101055222211
Netherlands2019101010101010332233
New Zealand2019101010101010333333
Nicaragua2021101010101010333332
Niger2021101010101010222222
Nigeria2019-202151010101010322222
North Macedonia20141010101010
Norway20215522
Oman2021101010101010333333
Pakistan2021101010101010121211
Panama2021101010101010111132
Papua New Guinea2021101010101010222222
Paraguay2017-202110101010510222222
Peru2021101010101010333331
Philippines2021101010101010113323
Republic of Moldova201455551022222
Romania20211010101051022222
Rwanda2017101010101010232322
Saint Lucia2021555555
Samoa201210
Sao Tome and Principe2021101010101010222222
Senegal2021555555333333
Serbia2021101010101010333333
Seychelles2021101010101010222222
Sierra Leone2021101010101010222222
Solomon Islands2021101010101010222222
Somalia2021555555111111
South Africa2021101010101010221221
South Sudan2021101010101010111111
Sri Lanka201910101010105233333
State of Palestine2021202020202020646466
Sudan2021101010101010222222
Syrian Arab Republic2021101010101010222232
Tajikistan2021101010101010222222
Thailand2021101010101010222221
Timor-Leste2021101010101010111111
Togo2021101010101010222222
Tonga2017101010101010222222
Trinidad and Tobago2021101010101010222212
Tunisia2021101010101010222333
Turkmenistan2021101010101010333333
Tuvalu2021101010101010222222
Uganda2021101010101010333333
Ukraine2021101010101010222212
United Republic of Tanzania2021101010101010333333
Uruguay2017-202110101010510111111
Uzbekistan2021101010101010222223
Vanuatu2017555555111111
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)2019101010101010333333
Viet Nam202110101010510323323
West Bank and Gaza Strip201910101010510333332
Yemen2021101010101010222222
Zambia2021101010101010333332
Zimbabwe2021101010101010232332
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