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Brazil

Location

  • Geographical region: South America, Americas
  • SDG region: SDG Latin America and the Caribbean

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 8,358,140 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 34% agriculture, 59% forest and 7% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 209,469,333 people (2018)
  • Population density : 25 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 87% lives in urban areas and 13% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 2,991,792,213,599 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 14,283 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 4% from agriculture, 63% from services and 18% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Brazil

  • Drinking water

    86 % of the population in Brazil uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    49 % of the population in Brazil uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Brazil has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    33 % of domestic wastewater in Brazil is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    71 % of monitored water bodies in Brazil has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    23 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Brazil (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2018)
  • Water stress

    3 % of the renewable water resources in Brazil is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2018)
  • Water management

    63 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Brazil (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    62 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    21 % of the water basins in Brazil is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    42 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Brazil in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Brazil (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Brazil, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Brazil, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Brazil, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Brazil, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Brazil, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Brazil (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Brazil, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Brazil (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Brazil, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,761 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 41,316 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 303 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 76 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Brazil, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Brazil, by sector (2016)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Brazil, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Brazil, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Brazil, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Brazil, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Brazil in 2019, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Brazil, by funding source (2016)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Brazil (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Brazil, progress over time, by sub-sector