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Israel

Location

  • Geographical region: Western Asia, Asia
  • SDG region: SDG Northern Africa and Western Asia

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 21,640 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 25% agriculture, 8% forest and 67% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 8,883,800 people (2018)
  • Population density : 411 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 92% lives in urban areas and 8% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 299,037,478,840 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 33,661 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 1% from agriculture, 69% from services and 20% from industry (2017)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Israel

  • Drinking water

    99 % of the population in Israel uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    95 % of the population in Israel uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Israel has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    93 % of domestic wastewater in Israel is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Israel has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    135 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Israel (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    100 % of the renewable water resources in Israel is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    85 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Israel (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    8 % of the water basins in Israel is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Israel in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Israel (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Israel, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Israel, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Israel, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Israel, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Israel, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Israel (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Israel, by source (2020 - 2015)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Israel (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Israel, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 435 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 214 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 282 m3 per capita (2004)

Environmental flow requirements: 56 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Israel, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Israel, by sector (2009,2004)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Israel, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Israel, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Israel, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Israel, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Israel ()

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Israel, progress over time, by sub-sector