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Lebanon

Location

  • Geographical region: Western Asia, Asia
  • SDG region: SDG Northern Africa and Western Asia

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 10,230 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 64% agriculture, 13% forest and 23% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 6,848,925 people (2018)
  • Population density : 669 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 89% lives in urban areas and 11% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 79,496,676,654 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 11,607 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 3% from agriculture, 75% from services and 14% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Lebanon

  • Drinking water

    48 % of the population in Lebanon uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    16 % of the population in Lebanon uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Lebanon has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Lebanon is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    50 % of monitored water bodies in Lebanon has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    24 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Lebanon (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    59 % of the renewable water resources in Lebanon is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    25 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Lebanon (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    25 % of the water basins in Lebanon is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    121 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Lebanon in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Lebanon (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2014)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Lebanon, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Lebanon, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Lebanon, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Lebanon, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Lebanon, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Lebanon (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Lebanon, by source (2015)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Lebanon (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Lebanon, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 661 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 740 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 302 m3 per capita (2015)

Environmental flow requirements: 22 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Lebanon, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Lebanon, by sector (2015)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Lebanon, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Lebanon, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Lebanon, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Lebanon, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Lebanon in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Lebanon, by funding source (2018)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Lebanon (2014-2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Lebanon, progress over time, by sub-sector