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Indicator 6.4.1 – Water use efficiency

Water-use efficiency is defined as the value added in US dollars per volume of water withdrawn in cubic meters, by a given economic activity. Some sectors, for example, agriculture, industry, energy and municipal water supply are particularly relevant due to their high water use.

  • 19 $/m3 is the ratio of dollar value added to the volume of water used at the global level (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2017-2018)
Data provider:
Available data series:
Proportion of UN Member States reporting on the indicator during the last 5 years:
Proportion of land area of UN Member States that are covered by reporting during the last 5 years:
Learn more about the indicator and how it is monitored
Read the latest progress report for an analysis of the current status

Global status of Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time (2017-2018)

US dollars per cubic meter (USD/m3)

Progress over time for Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time

Status in different countries (or areas) on Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time (2017-2018)

  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Eastern and South-Eastern Asia
  • Central and Southern Asia
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Europe and Northern America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand)
  • Northern Africa and Western Asia

Status in different SDG regions on Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time (2018)

Status on different components of Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time

Water-use efficiency by sector (2017-2018)

Data on gross value added disaggregated by sector, for one country (as an example)

Data on water withdrawal disaggregated by source and by sector, for one country (as an example)

Source data Indicator 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time

Country (or area), region and world data for the latest year of reporting: 2017 - 2018

Country (or area), SDG region, world 6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time
YearOverall (USD/m3)Agriculture, forestry and fishing (USD/m3)Mining and quarrying, manufacturing, constructions and energy (USD/m3)Service sectors (USD/m3)
Afghanistan20180.93
Albania201810.33
Algeria201814.63
Angola2018142
Antigua and Barbuda2018118.43
Argentina201813.26
Armenia20183.58
Australia201870.20
Austria2018103.41
Azerbaijan20183.87
Bahrain201878.07
Bangladesh20186.16
Barbados201852.43
Belarus201833.15
Belgium2018107.71
Belize201813.85
Benin201829.35
Bhutan20186.26
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)201813.71
Botswana201874.45
Brazil201822.62
Bulgaria20188.63
Burkina Faso201811.76
Burundi20186.26
Cabo Verde201854.04
Cambodia20187.63
Cameroon201824.82
Canada201842.39
Central African Republic201817.35
Chad20189.51
Chile20182.37
China201823.54
Colombia201819.30
Comoros201872.69
Congo201897.52
Costa Rica201822.44
Côte d'Ivoire201825.46
Croatia201860.08
Cuba201812.60
Cyprus201864.36
Czechia2018113.71
Democratic People's Republic of Korea20181.66
Democratic Republic of the Congo201847.85
Denmark2018262.21
Dominican Republic20188.01
Ecuador20189.18
Egypt20184.58
El Salvador201810.23
Eritrea20187.22
Estonia201813.75
Eswatini20183.60
Ethiopia20184.87
Fiji201843.05
Finland2018113.34
France201883.01
Gabon201895.14
Gambia201811.15
Georgia201810.78
Germany2018111.60
Ghana201829.86
Greece201817.12
Guatemala201818.94
Guinea20189.13
Guinea-Bissau20183.15
Guyana20181.96
Haiti20184.94
Honduras201812.53
Hungary201825.08
Iceland201860.57
India20183.02
Indonesia20183.94
Iran (Islamic Republic of)20184.55
Iraq20185.42
Ireland2018229.46
Israel2018138.97
Italy201849.37
Jamaica20188.85
Japan201856.70
Jordan201835.64
Kazakhstan20187.20
Kenya201811.26
Kuwait2018102.12
Kyrgyzstan20180.86
Lao People's Democratic Republic20181.87
Latvia2018140.68
Lebanon201825.62
Lesotho201849.75
Liberia20184.59
Libya20184.33
Lithuania2018156.80
Luxembourg20181096.77
Madagascar20180.77
Malawi20183.26
Malaysia201858.39
Mali20181.85
Malta2018178.83
Mauritania20183.92
Mauritius201818.85
Mexico201813
Mongolia201822.89
Montenegro201821.93
Morocco20188.73
Mozambique20187.90
Myanmar20181.84
Namibia201835.31
Nepal20182.24
Netherlands201890.27
New Zealand201834.48
Nicaragua20186.77
Niger20183.67
Nigeria201831.27
North Macedonia201810.02
Norway2018120.82
Oman201837.87
Pakistan20181.55
Panama201848.36
Paraguay201814.20
Peru201811.88
Philippines20183.56
Poland201846.26
Portugal201829.94
Puerto Rico201828.85
Qatar2018200.85
Republic of Korea201853.81
Republic of Moldova20187.96
Romania201827.91
Russian Federation201819.29
Rwanda201835.27
Sao Tome and Principe20187.69
Saudi Arabia201828.37
Senegal20187.40
Serbia20185.94
Seychelles201897.08
Sierra Leone20188.70
Slovakia2018138.29
Slovenia201842.90
Somalia20180.20
South Africa201814.32
South Sudan201820.02
Spain201836.76
Sri Lanka20186.06
State of Palestine201834.08
Sudan20182.64
Suriname20187.13
Sweden2018198.51
Switzerland2018339.72
Syrian Arab Republic20181
Tajikistan20180.91
Thailand20187.40
Timor-Leste20182.28
Togo201813.63
Trinidad and Tobago201858.10
Tunisia201810.16
Turkey201814.08
Turkmenistan20181.53
Uganda201832.44
Ukraine20186.59
United Arab Emirates201873.92
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland2018324.34
United Republic of Tanzania20187.50
United States of America201852.28
Uruguay201813.33
Uzbekistan20181.42
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)20187.80
Viet Nam20182.52
Western Sahara201717
Yemen20185.15
Zambia201813.31
Zimbabwe20184.83
Australia and New Zealand201861.97
Central and Southern Asia20182.95
Eastern and South-Eastern Asia201818.86
Europe and Northern America201855.77
Latin America and the Caribbean201811.89
Northern Africa and Western Asia201812.31
Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand)201879.78
Sub-Saharan Africa201812.89
World201819.36
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