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Sub-Saharan Africa

Location

  • Countries (or areas) in the region: Angola, Burundi, Benin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Comoros, Cabo Verde, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Malawi, Mayotte, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion, Rwanda, Senegal, Saint Helena, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sao Tome and Principe, Eswatini, Seychelles, Chad, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Area

  • Total area: 21,265,541 km2
  • Land used by sector: 44 % agriculture, 28 % forest and 29 % other

Population

  • Total: 1034.0 million people
  • Population density: 49 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 40 % lives in urban areas and 60 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 3,596 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 3,478 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 18 % from agriculture, 49 % from services and 26 % from industry

Data Source: World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Drinking water

    27 % of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    18 % of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a,2017)
  • Hygiene

    25 % of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa has access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % At the regional level, not enough country data were reported in 2015 to estimate the proportion of household wastewater that are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1)
  • Water quality

    --- % At the regional level, not enough country data were reported in 2017 to estimate the proportion of water bodies with a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2)
  • Efficiency

    --- $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Sub-Saharan Africa (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency ,2015)
  • Water stress

    6 % of the renewable water resources in Sub-Saharan Africa are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2017)
  • Water management

    40 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Sub-Saharan Africa (SDG indicator 6.5.1,2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of the transboundary basin area in Sub-Saharan Africa have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2018)
  • Ecosystems

    --- % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    2954 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by countries (or areas) in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2018 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG 6 indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Sub-Saharan Africa, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Sub-Saharan Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Sub-Saharan Africa, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Sub-Saharan Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Sub-Saharan Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Sub-Saharan Africa (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Sub-Saharan Africa (2017)

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Sub-Saharan Africa

Renewable water resources, regional average: 5,452 m3 per capita(2017)

Water withdrawal, regional average: 119 m3 per capita(2016)

Renewable water resources, water withdrawal and environmental flow requirements for all reporting countries (or areas) in the region (1999 - 2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Sub-Saharan Africa, change over time

Water withdrawal by sector in Sub-Saharan Africa (1999 - 2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Sub-Saharan Africa (2000 - 2015)

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Sub-Saharan Africa, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Sub-Saharan Africa (2018)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Sub-Saharan Africa (million 2017 USD), over time

Water and sanitation-related includes drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Sub-Saharan Africa (million 2014 USD), by source (2016)

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Sub-Saharan Africa

Proportion of countries (or areas) in the region reporting on the indicator: 35%

Proportion of reporting countries (or areas) in which procedures for participation exist, and in which the level of participation is high, by sub-sector (2017):