Welcome to the United Nations
Portal accessibility toolbar
Increase contrast
Increase font size
Decrease font size
Reset page style

México

Location

  • Geographical region: Americas
  • SDG region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Area

  • Total area: 1,943,950 km2
  • Land use by sector: 55 % agriculture, 34 % forest and 11 % other

Population

  • Total: 127,575,529 people
  • Population density: 66 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 80 % lives in urban areas and 20 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 2,521,647,199,947 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 19,766 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 3 % from agriculture, 60 % from services and 30 % from industry
×

Download snapshot

Format:

Resolution:

SDG 6 snapshot in México

  • Drinking water

    43 % of the population in México use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    57 % of the population in México use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    90 % of the population in México have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2019)
  • Wastewater

    60 % of the household wastewater in México are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    55 % of water bodies covered by reporting in México have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    13 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in México (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    33 % of the renewable water resources in México are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    42 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in México (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    39 % of transboundary basin area in México have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    10.4 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in México in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    2 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to México in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in México, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in México, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in México, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in México, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in México, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in México (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in México, by stream (2020,2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in México (2020-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in México, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 758 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 3,576 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 670 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 42 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in México, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in México, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in México, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in México, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in México, by component (2020)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to México, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to México, by sub-sector (2019)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in México (million USD), by source

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in México

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in México, progress over time