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Netherlands

Location

  • Geographical region: Western Europe, Europe
  • SDG region: SDG Europe and Northern America

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 33,670 km(2020)
  • Land use by sector: 54% agriculture, 11% forest and 35% other (2018 - 2020)

People

  • Total population: 17,703,090 people (2022)
  • Population density: 518 people per km2 (2020)  
  • Urbanisation: 91% lives in urban areas and 8% lives in rural areas (2020)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 947,498,750,724 USD per year (2020)
  • GDP per capita: 53,522 USD per year (2020)
  • Value added by sector: 2% from agriculture, 70% from services and 19% from industry (2020 - 2022)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Netherlands

  • Drinking water

    100 % of the population in Netherlands uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2022)
  • Sanitation

    97 % of the population in Netherlands uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2022)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Netherlands has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2022)
  • Wastewater

    100 % of domestic wastewater in Netherlands is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2022)
  • Water quality

    96 % of monitored water bodies in Netherlands has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    92 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Netherlands (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2021)
  • Water stress

    16 % of the renewable water resources in Netherlands is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2021)
  • Water management

    92 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Netherlands (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    100 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2023)
  • Ecosystems

    0 % of the water basins in Netherlands is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Netherlands in 2021 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Netherlands (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Netherlands, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Netherlands, by service level and location (2022)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Netherlands, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Netherlands, by service level and location (2022)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Netherlands, by service level and location (2022)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Netherlands (2022), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Netherlands, by source (2015 - 2022)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Netherlands (2017-2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Netherlands, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 778 (mm/year) (2020)

Renewable water resources: 5,342 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 524 m3 per capita (2014)

Environmental flow requirements: % of the renewable water resources ()

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Netherlands, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Netherlands, by sector (2020)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Netherlands, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Netherlands, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Netherlands, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Netherlands, by funding source (2018)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Netherlands (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Netherlands, progress over time, by sub-sector